This page contains illustrations of:
- Some specific types of wheels used in this chapter
- General types of flanges used with abrasive wheels
- Mounting of some specific types of wheels
- Maximum exposure angles for safeguarding specific wheels.
Many of the illustrations include definitions to help familiarize you with this type of wheel.
You will find these illustrations in this tool:
Type 1 Wheel
Type 6 Wheel
Type 11 Wheel
Type 27 Wheel and Type 27A Wheel
Type 28 Wheel
Type 29 Wheel
Modified Type 6 & Type 11 Wheels (Terrazzo)
Cone & Plug Wheels
General Flange Types
Mounting Threaded Hole Wheels
You will find illustrations of these maximum exposure angles on this page:
Bench, Pedestal, and Floorstand Grinders
Bench, Pedestal, and Floorstand Grinders with Contact Below the Level of the Spindle
Bench, Pedestal, Floorstand, and Cylindrical Grinder Exposure Angle Adjustment
Surface Grinders and Cutting-off Machines
Swing Frame Grinders
Type 1 wheel
An abrasive wheel that is shaped like a disc with a mounting hole in the middle.
Sometimes called a “straight wheel.” It has diameter (D), thickness (T), and hole size (H) dimensions. Grinding is normally done on the periphery (outside curve) of the wheel (T dimension).
Type 6 wheel
An abrasive wheel that is shaped like a straight-sided cup or bowl with a mounting hole in the bottom of the cup. Sometimes called a “cup wheel.” It has diameter (D), thickness (T), hole size (H), rim thickness (W), and back thickness (E) dimensions. Grinding is normally done on the cup rim (W dimension).
Type 11 wheel
An abrasive wheel that is shaped like a cup or bowl with a mounting hole in the bottom of the cup. The sides of the cup are not straight-sided but are angled outward. Sometimes called a “flaring cup wheel” since the sides are “flared” out. It has double diameter dimensions (top D and bottom J). It also has thickness (T), hole size (H), rim thickness (W) and back thickness (E) dimensions. Grinding is normally done on the cup rim (W dimension).
Type 27 wheel
An abrasive wheel that is similar to a Type 1 wheel, but the center of the wheel around the mounting hole is pushed back (depressed). Sometimes called a “depressed center” wheel. It has diameter (D), thickness (U) and hole size (H) dimensions. The depressed center allows grinding on the flat surface of the wheel without interference from the flange or mounting hardware.
Type 27A cutting-off wheel
Similar to a Type 27 wheel. Specifically designed for use on cutting-off machines.
- Type 27 wheels are manufactured with flat grinding rims or faces and are designed for:
- – Side grinding when held at a slight angle to the
- – Peripheral grinding, including small
- cutting-off and shallow notching operations
- Type 27 wheels may be used flat when grinding masonry and concrete surfaces such as ceilings and walls.
Type 28 wheel
An abrasive wheel that is similar to a Type 27 wheel, but the face of the wheel is angled upward and away from the mounting hole. The face of a Type 27 wheel is flat and perpendicular to the mounting hole. A Type 28 wheel is also called a “depressed center” wheel. It has diameter (D), thickness (U) and hole size (H) dimensions. The depressed center allow grinding without interference from the mounting. A Type 28 wheel has a saucer-shaped grinding rim and is designed for corner grinding and side grinding.
Type 29 wheel
An abrasive wheel that has reversed, saucer-shaped grinding rims (similar to a partially opened umbrella). It has diameter (D), thickness (U) and hole size (H) dimensions.
Modified Type 6 and 11 wheels (Terrazzo)
Similar to Type 6 “straight cup” wheels and Type 11 “flaring cup” wheels except for the bottom of the cup. The bottom of the cup is flat in Type 6 and 11 wheels. The modified wheels have bottoms that are sloped downwards towards the mounting hole. These modified wheels need to be mounted using a special tapered flange furnished by the tool manufacturer. These wheels are used in the terrazzo trade.
Bonded abrasive wheels of various shapes, usually 2 inches diameter or smaller, that are secured to plain or threaded steel mandrels.
Cone and plug wheels (Types 16, 17, 18, 18R, and 19)
Abrasive wheels manufactured with blind hole threaded bushings. They may be used on all surfaces except the flat mounting surface (D). Specific characteristics of the different cone and plug wheels are:
- Type 16 cone wheels have a curved side with a nose radius
- Type 17 cone wheels have straight sides with or without a nose radius
- Type 18 and 18R plug wheels are cylindrical in shape with either a square or curved grinding end
- Type 19 cone wheels are a combination of cone and plug shapes
Cone and Plug Wheels
Mounting & Flanges
Collars, discs or plates between or against which wheels are mounted. There are four types of flanges:
- Sleeve adaptor
- Straight relieved
- Straight unrelieved
Mounting Type 27A cutting-off wheels
Type 27A cutting-off wheels are mounted between flanges that are:
- Flat (unrelieved) with matching bearing surfaces
- At least 1/4 the wheel diameter
Mounting threaded hole wheels
Threaded hole wheels are mounted against a back flange that is:
- Flat (unrelieved)
- Securely fastened and square to the spindle axis
- Able to properly support the wheel
Maximum Exposure Angles
The following illustrations provide a visual reference for many of the guarding requirements for specific types of machines. Descriptions beneath the illustrations sometimes include specific application requirements.
Courtesy of Washington State Department of Labor & Industries